31 March 2013

Petersen Aviation - Wairoa's First Air Service




Petersen Aviation was founded by Vern Petersen in late 1957 and it was this company that gave Wairoa its first air service. 

In September 1957 Vern took delivery of a Mooney Mk20 ZK-BUN. The Christchurch Press of the 14th of September reported on its arrival. The fastest four-passenger aircraft in New Zealand and the first single-engine aircraft with a retractable undercarriage to be imported, a Mooney Mark 20 monoplane has been assembled at the Christchurch airport this week, and will be test flown for the first time this morning. The aircraft will be used initially for charter flights, and will be based at Hastings. Provided test flights are successful the Mooney will leave Harewood for the north this afternoon. With a top speed of more than 170 miles an hour, the aircraft has exceptional performance for its type, and is the only aircraft in New Zealand which has a cruising speed which numerically exceeds its horse-power. Its special performance is made possible by the laminar flow wing design, as in the Mosquito bomber, and its retractable wheels, including a nose wheel imported by a newly-formed company, Petersen Aviation, Ltd„ the aircraft is expected to be one of a number to be imported as a general-purpose plane. The retractable undercarriage made the aircraft very stable in the air, said the test pilot (Mr Peter Wolff) yesterday. He said the aircraft had a range of about 900 miles, a top speed of 170 miles an hour, and a landing speed of about 57 miles an hour. It was specially suited as a fast air-taxi and was used in the United States as an executive plane. 

On the 17th of December 1957 the Civil Aviation Division granted Petersen Aviation a non-scheduled passenger and freight service licence to operate from Napier to airfields throughout New Zealand with Mooney Mk 20 ZK-BUN (c/n 1130) and Cessna 172 ZK-BUZ (c/n 28138).

About the same time Petersen Aviation was granted its licence Jim Bergman was engaged as the company’s pilot, though at that stage he hadn’t sat his commercial pilot’s flight test due to the unavailability of a flight testing officer. On the 15th of December 1957 he had his first flight in a Cessna 172, ZK-BUZ (c/n 28138). He recounts that flight saying, I had never ever flown a tricycle undercarriage aircraft before. My first flight in the Cessna 172 was on a three hour charter flight as Pilot in Command.  It never occurred to me or anyone else that we needed a separate rating from the Cessna 170 which I was type rated on so I never ever obtained that 172 rating. Incidentally, four years later ZK-BUZ was part of the fleet of Jim’s own company the Auckland Flying School. A few days later on the 19th of December 1957 a topdressing pilot, Peter Wolfe who must have held an instructor rating, gave me a one hour dual conversion on the Mooney. I undertook and passed my CPL flight test with Eric Ormansen on the 22nd of January 1958 in Wellington in Tiger Moth ZK-AOY. My Flying for Petersen was now legal!


Cessna 172 ZK-BUZ at a Wellington on a very wet day. Petersen Aviation were able to use the 172 as a back up to the Mooney. On the runway behind the 172 you can pick out on of the RNZAF's Handley Page Hastings.

During my employment up to starting the newspaper run in March I did a surprising amount of charter flying for Petersen and instructing for the Napier Aero Club. I obtained an Instructors rating on the 28th of January, just 6 days after my CPL and with no additional training… a bit different from today!    

The Dominion run was first flown on the 16th of March 1958 in Cessna 170B ZK-BJS (c/n 20351) which was later sold to the Auckland Aero Club. Vern Petersen was my passenger on this flight which I now know was grossly overloaded… we never weighed anything in those days! The service was direct from Napier to Gisborne and return and took 45 minutes each way.


Cessna 170 ZK-BJS was the first aircraft to operate Petersen Aviation's service. It was registered to the Central Hawkes Bay Aero Club from the 7th of June 1955 to the 1st of November 1960.


I commenced operating the Mooney on the service from the 20th of March 1958. The Mooney cut the flying time down to 35 minutes unless one had to fly around the coast due to bad weather. I was nearly always overloaded and even at times carried a passenger! I often flew the Mooney from the right seat as loading the newspapers I had to use the pilot’s seat for papers as the only door was on the right hand side and it was impossible to climb over them to get in. The Mooney was not really very suitable for the run but a delight to fly. I last flew this service on April 7th so I guess that’s when Bill Cookson bought the run and the service was flown by the far more suitable Cessna 180 and also included Bill Cookson's base at Wairoa. Wairoa was still closed to commercial operations due to the wet soft surface but this didn’t worry Bill or, it appears, CAA. He also used to pick up passengers from topdressing strips. I continued flying charters for Petersen and instructing at the Napier Aero Club until the following year when I joined the Hawkes Bay and East Coast Aero Club as CFI on the 17th of March 1959. In 1961 I again flew the service for a couple of weeks in a Cessna 185 when Bill Cookson wanted some time off. At that time I was a co-pilot for NAC on DC3s.

The newspaper ship - Mooney ZK-BUN

On the 18th of March 1958, a few weeks before Jim Bergman flew his last Dominion service, Cessna 180 ZK-BVQ (c/n 31342) was registered to Petersen Aviation. The inclusion of Wairoa in the air service was advertised in the Wairoa Star on the 5th of May 1958. A few days later the Star reported that the new service “is already proving very popular” indicating that the Cessna had already started flying into Wairoa, possibly from the 8th of April 1958. The Wairoa Star report said “The morning flight begins at Napier at 7.15 arriving at Wairoa at 7.35. It departs from here at 7.40 and reaches Gisborne at eight o’clock, carrying passengers, air mail, NAC freight and one passenger from Napier to Wairoa and one from Wairoa to Gisborne. Arriving at Gisborne at 8 am enables the flight to connect with quite a number of road and air services. The return flight from Gisborne starts at 8.30 am arriving at Wairoa at 8.45 and Napier at 9.10 am. On this flight air-mail, air freight parcels, NAC freight and three passengers may be carried. It is proposed to introduce an afternoon flight from Napier which will leave Napier at 3.45 and reach Gisborne at 4.30.” 

Ooops... the Wairoa Star had a typo, in the ad and the article a few days later... Petersen is spelt with an "e" not an "o"... Wairoa Star, 5 May 1958.


The Wairoa Star of the 23rd of July 1958 carried the news that Cookson Airspread Ltd., had taken over the Dominion contract. The Cessna 180’s registration was transferred to Cookson Airspread on the 22nd of July 1958 and ZK-BVQ and subsequent aircraft continued the Dominion contract, offering a passenger and freight service to and from Wairoa until 1995.

There are a final couple of postscripts to the brief story of Petersen Aviation. The first was found in the Wairoa Star of the 16th of September 1960 which reported, “A Mooney M20 aircraft crashed four miles from Taihape at 9 am today killing the pilot... The aircraft which is believed to be owned at Napier, struck a tree before crashing. There was low cloud and drizzle at the time.” While Petersen’s aircraft came to a sand end, Jim Bergman, Petersen’s first pilot, rose through the ranks of New Zealand aviation becoming an Air New Zealand Boeing 747 captain as well as founding one of New Zealand’s more successful third level airlines, Great Barrier Airlines.

30 March 2013

The Cessna 402 - A New Generation of Third Level Aircraft

The introduction of the Cessna 402 to New Zealand skies ushered in a new generation of third level operation... The 402s were equipped with the latest IFR equipment and were fast and reliable. They saw service with many New Zealand third level airlines... these are just a few examples from Allan Wooller's collection... 

The first operator to use them was the short lived Sky Travel. The 402s weren't cheap for airlines that had lean routes in an environment where the national carrier was protected. Here Cessna 402s ZK-CSX and ZK-CSZ are seen on their first visit to Masterton in early 1968.



Above, Air Central's Cessna 402 ZK-EHS at Napier. Air Central's arose largely due to the collapse of Air North which had used De Havilland Herons andAero Commanders. It tried to keep on good terms with NAC but its central North Island services weren't conducive for making a fortune. Bruce Gavin was written the definitive book on Air Central, Heartland High Flier. It is an excellent read which details the emergence of a typical third level airline in the 1970s. Copies are available from Bruce by emailing fbgavin@actrix.co.nz




Operating at the same time as Air Central was James Air. Unlike Air Central James Air were primarily in competition with NAC on Cook Strait services from Wellington to Blenheim and Nelson. Like most of the third level airlines of the age James Air was to become another statistic of the airline industry of the time. For my profile about James Air see http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2012/06/james-air-sun-city-airline.html.

29 March 2013

Pinex 01


Another great photo from Allan Wooller's collection... NZ Forest Product's newly acquired Piper Navajo at Tokoroa in November 1977. This photo has inspired me to update the post on the NZ Forest Products' use of air services between Auckland and Tokoroa. The post can be found at

http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2010/06/forestry-towns-businessliners.html

28 March 2013

An Auster and a Cessna 182

I caught up with a couple of new ones out at North Shore on the 26th of March 2013...

It's been on the register for years but this is the first time I have photographed Auster 5 ZK-DBU

Cessna 182T Skylane was registered at the end of last year... it almost slipped pass me as it moved from one part of the airfield to another...

27 March 2013

Busy Day at Tuuta

Brian Hall sent this great pic of a busy day at Tuuta Airport on the Chatham Islands... on the tarmac, Cessna 206 ZK-KAI, Convair 580 ZK-CIB and Lowe Corporation's Cessna 510 Citation Mustang ZK-LCA...


26 March 2013

What ever happened to ZK-ECA a.k.a ZK-KVY

Maurice Collins sent in this picture of United Aviation's Beech 58 Baron ZK-KVY (c/n TH-553).  Maurice did his multi-engine rating in KVY with United Aviation.
 
About to depart for Wellington... Beech Baron ZK-KVY at Palmerston North on 25 August 1993.
 
 
ZK-KVY is a significant aircraft as it was Eagle Air's first twin engine aircraft, registered to them as ZK-ECA. For more on the early days of Eagle Air see  http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2013/01/eagle-airways-part-1-fledgling-eagle.html.

On an Eagle Air flight from Hamilton - ZK-ECA at Wanganui on 21 April 1985
ZK-ECA was with Eagle Air from March 1975 until the 18th of January 1988 when it was registered to Cook Islands airline Air Rarotonga. 

Photo taken at Ardmore.

After returning to New Zealand it was registered to Airport Services Ltd of Palmerston North on the 15th of July 1991. The following day it was re-registered as ZK-KVY.
 
ZK-KVY was cancelled from the register on 27 November 1997. But does anyone happen to know what happened to it???

24 March 2013

LAL - in various guises

Partenavia P68B Victor ZK-LAL (c/n 70) has been operated over the years by a number of operators... Allan Wooller has sent me a couple of pics of LAL in earlier days and I have included some more pics from its later "airline" service...

The first operator to use ZK-LAL was Lakeland Aviation of Taupo which used it on charter work. It is seen at Taupo in on 16 September 1978

Later Wairarapa Airlines intended to use it as a back up for their Mitsubishi air service. As things transpired neither the Mu2 or the Partenavia were used on Wairarapa's services. Photo taken at Masterton. For more on Wairarapa Airlines see http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2010/11/wairarapa-airlines-revisited.html

The next airline to use LAL was Ardmore Air Charter which you it for training and its service to Great Barrier Island... see http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2011/09/ardmore-air-charter-simply-best-way-to.html

Soundsair also used ZK-LAL on its Cook Strait and Marlborough Sounds charter and scheduled services. It is seen here at Ardmore on 30 November 1996.

Northern Air used it on their courier run to Taupo, Rotorua and Tauranga. It is seen at Tauranga on 8 October 1998. - http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2011/07/economic-and-efficient-travel-northern.html

 ZK-LAL was subsequently used by Great BArrier Airlines on courier and scheduled work and is now operated by Air Manawatu.

22 March 2013

Air North Herons


Allan Wooller has emailed me some great photos of Air North's Herons. Air North's family tree goes back to the Rotorua Aero Club's commercial operation, Rotorua Aerial Charter, and Geyserland Airways. Air North itself was established in 1972 and operated around the central North Island until 1978 when its name was changed to Nationwide Air. 


Masterton was not one of Air North's destinations but Ian captured de Havilland 114 Heron 1B ZK-BBM there in August 1977.

A rather sad de Havilland 114 Heron 1B ZK-EJM at Ardmore in October 1977. This is the result of the accident on the 9th of May 1977 at Ardmore. The aircraft had touched down far down the runway and swerved to the right when the left brake failed. It crossed a drainage ditch and came to rest with serious damage to the nose gear, propellers and both wings. Although the intention was to repair the aircraft, it lay derelict and was later broken up.

EJM's replacement was de Havilland 114 Heron 1B ZK-EKO seen here at Rotorua in November 1977.


A profile on the history of Air North can be found at :

http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2012/08/air-north-big-enough-to-serve-small.html

For a more detailed post on Air North's service to Kaikohe see : http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2012/10/north-to-kaikohe-on-air-north.html


For a more detailed post on Air North's service to Tokoroa see : http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2010/07/air-north-to-tokoroa.html

21 March 2013

25 years ago - March 1988

March 1988 must have been the poorest month I have ever had in New Zealand for plane spotting... 8 photos for the month... and here they are!

An international movement over Timaru - Colt A5-56 airship G-BLSI  over Timaru on 8 March 1988

After its rebuild classic Hiller UH-12E at Timaru in March 1988

Cessna 182 ZK-DFQ at Timaru on 12 March 1988

Whirlwide Helicopters, Wishart Helicopters and Alpine Helicopters title were starting to disappear. Bell Jetranger ZK-HPP at Timaru on 12 March 1988 

On the same day at Timaru Cessna 188 Agwagon ZK-DPW was awaiting a repaint

Doing the Saturday overnight service from Wellington on 12 March 1988 was Fokker Friendship ZK-NAO

Earlier in the month Piper Pa28 Cherokee 235 was at Timaru on 2 March 1988

The next day was sunnier - Cessna 182 ZK-CKZ at Timaru on  3 March 1988


19 March 2013

New (or rather repeated) Air New Zealand Link service



Air New Zealand is trialling a daily service between Nelson and Palmerston North from 12 July. Air New Zealand’s Chief Operations Officer Bruce Parton says the airline has worked cooperatively with Palmerston North Airport to re-introduce this service which was last operated in 2008. “We identified an opportunity for growth on our network and have worked with the team at Palmerston North airport to re-introduce this important regional link and help stimulate the local market,” says Mr Parton. "This time round we are trialling two return services per day in primetime which we believe will be popular with business travellers as well as provide convenient connections between the two cities for leisure travellers,” says Mr Parton. The 45 minute service between Nelson and Palmerston North will operate twice each weekday with one return service on Sundays. As a result, the last weekday Palmerston North – Wellington service will be retimed to operate later, making it a more viable option for business travellers. The services will be operated by Air New Zealand subsidiaries Eagle Airways and Air Nelson utilising Beech 1900D and Bombardier Q300 aircraft. Palmerston North Airport Chief Executive Darin Cusack says: “We have been working closely with Air New Zealand to explore new growth opportunities. We are looking forward to seeing this new service take off and hope that it will become a permanent fixture in the schedule.” Fares are on sale now and start from $79 one way. To book, visitwww.airnewzealand.co.nz
Schedule:
Monday– Friday (Beech 1900D)
Nelson – Palmerston North 0735/0820
Palmerston North – Nelson 0840/0925
Nelson – Palmerston North 1630/1715
Palmerston North – Wellington 1730/1805
Wellington – Palmerston North 1830/1905
Palmerston North – Nelson 1920/2005
Sunday (Bombardier Q300)
Palmerston North – Nelson 1410/1455
Nelson –Palmerston North 1515/1600 Source :  Air New Zealand Media Release 

New Air Service to Tonga’s Niuas.


Following the withdrawal of Chathams Pacific Air Samoa is set to provide an air service to Tonga’s Niuas using its Britten Norman Islander aircraft.

The company plans to operate a Friday service from Samoa’s Falelolo International Airport to the northern Tongan island of Niuatoputapu before continuing on Vava’u. Once a fortnight the aircraft will then do a return Vava’u-Niuafo’ou service before returning to Samoa via Niuatoputapu in the afternoon. These services are being carried out under an agreement with the Government of the Kingdom of Tonga. This is in support of the new carrier Real Tonga.

Air Samoa has a fleet of two Britten Norman Islanders, 5W-CSJ and 5W-JUN as well as one Cessna 172P, 5W-RJO. The company is unusual in that it has introduced a world first - 'Pay only for what you weigh'! The company website says, “We at Samoa Air are keeping airfares fair, by charging our passengers only for what they weigh.”

In addition to the new service the company also operates five weekly international services to Pago Pago in American Samoa from both Fagali’i (which is in Apia – as opposed to Faleolo International Airport which is 40 kms from Apia) and Maota on the island of Savai’i. The company also operates up to five daily flights between the islands of Upolo and Savai’i from Faleolo to Maota/Asau on an air taxi basis.

For more on the expansion of Samoa Air’s services see :
http://www.travelmemo.co.nz/memos/20130319.pdf

Photo source : http://www.samoaair.ws/

18 March 2013

Chathams Pacific Post


I am currently working on a post on Air Chathams' involvement in Tonga, Niue, Fiji and Tuvalu. Is there anyone who can help with this??? In particular I am looking for...


  • Any photos of Air Chathams/Chathams Pacific aircraft in the Pacific.
  • I am particularly interested in any photos of Queen Air A3-FEW and Embraer 820 ZK-RDT while it was in Tonga 
  • Any information on Reef Air flights to and from Niue... when they began ended etc.
  • Any other information.
Many thanks...

Steve
westland831@gmail.com

17 March 2013

South Westland Skiplane Services


UPDATED DECEMBER 2023


Mount Cook Air Services' Skiplane Service to Hokitika

Mount Cook Air Service's scheduled skiplane service from Fox Glacier and Franz Josef to Hokitika operated from late 1968 to early 1971 and this is the first third level service that I recall. When we would go up to the Hokitika Airport to see someone off on the NAC Friendship service to Christchurch I would talk my parents into staying on to watch the NAC DC-3 go to Westport and further north and then the Mount Cook Air Services’ Cessna 185 skiplane depart to South Westland.  This is story of the skiplane air service. 

For many years Air Travel, NAC and West Coast Airways operated an air service south from Hokitika to South Westland. The last of these operators, West Coast Airways, as well as operating a service to Haast, also operated a thrice weekly service to Franz Josef and Fox Glacier with de Havilland DH89 Dominie aircraft. This service ended on the 31st of March 1967.

The following year, on the 20th of December 1968, NAC commenced trans-alpine Fokker Friendship flights from Christchurch to Hokitika. On the same day Mount Cook Air Services reintroduced flights to and from South Westland by starting a non-scheduled service from Fox Glacier and Franz Josef to Hokitika using Cessna 185 skiplanes. The Hokitika Guardian of that day reported that Air traffic movements will turn Hokitika Airport into a 'mini Harewood' today when the start of the new trans-alpine air service sees connecting flights from north and south. First to arrive is the DC-3 from Wellington at 1.35 pm. Then a Mt Cook Air Services Fox Glacier based 6-seater Cessna 185 touches down at 1.45 pm. The Friendship lands at 1.50 pm and departs at 2.10 pm on return to Christchurch and the other two aircraft leave shortly afterwards on return to Wellington and Fox Glacier. The same day there was a large advertisement for the air service in the Greymouth Evening Star. These are the only two references to the air service in the local newspapers.


Greymouth Evening Star, 20 December 1968
Timetable Effective 20 December 1968

The first flight from Franz Josef to Hokitika and return was flown by Lyall Hood, a son of Hokitika, in Cessna 185D Skywagon ZK-CKT on the 20th of December 1968. Over the summer holidays until the 2nd of February 1969 the skiplane flights operated on a daily basis, if there were passengers offering. 

Cessna 185 ZK-CKT, which flew the first South Westland-Hokitika skiplane service at Fox Glacier. Photographer unknown.

After the summer holidays, from the 3rd of February 1969, the Friendship service from Christchurch to Hokitika was reduced to operate on only four days a week, namely on Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays. The Douglas DC-3 service to and from Wellington, Nelson and Westport to Hokitika continued to operate Monday to Friday. While the introduction of the Friendship service was the stimulus for the skiplane service, it continued to operate six days a week, Sunday to Friday, connecting with all the NAC Friendship and DC-3 services at Hokitika.


The Skiplane timetable effective 27 May 1969 - 12 October 1969

Timetable Effective 13 October 1969 - 1 February 1970

The normal aircraft used for the service was Fox Glacier based Cessna A185E Skywagon ZK-COH or the Franz Josef based Cessna 185D Skywagon ZK-CKT. Occasionally other skiplanes were used. One of the pilots on the service noted in his logbook that two Cessna 185s, ZK-CKP and ZK-CKT operated flights NM101/102 from Franz Josef to Hokitika and back to Franz Josef on the 21st of August 1969, commenting “there must have been passengers that day.” 

One of the mainstays of the air service, Cessna 185 ZK-COH with Mount Cook Air Services titles at Franz Josef in December 1970. 

From 1970 over the peak summer season or when larger loads dictated the need, de Havilland 89B Dominie ZK-BCP was also used on the service between the Glaciers and Hokitika. The Dominie's first flight on the Hokitika run, NM101/102, was flown by Jerry Savage on the 3rd of February 1970. ZK-BCP thus became the last Dominie to operate an airline service in New Zealand. 

De Havilland 89 Dominie ZK-BCP was occasionally used instead of the skiplane on the Glacier service. It is seen above at Franz Josef and below at Hokitika on 12 July 1970.


On the 5th of June 1970 the DC-3 finally bowed out of services to the West Coast and Hokitika, for a time, lost its one plane service to Wellington. This meant all passengers for the capital now had to fly on the increased Sunday to Friday Friendship service to Christchurch where they transhipped to Boeing and Viscount services to Wellington or other centres. The skiplane service continued to meet NAC services at Hokitika when there were passengers offering. Over the holiday periods NAC operated Saturday services to Hokitika and the skiplane service connected with these flights as well.

The meeting of the air services... NAC Friendship ZK-NAF and Mount Cook Air Services' Cessna 185 ZK-COH at Hokitika. As there is no DC-3 present it was either taken after the 5th of June 1970 or, if before that, on a Sunday. 

Timetable : Winter 1970

In the nine months from July 1969 to March 1970 142 flights were operated carrying 249 passengers and in the 12 months from April 1970 to March 1971 147 flights were operated carrying 247 passengers. The service was mainly used by tourists. While some locals used it road travel was obviously much more convenient and economical. The final flights between Fox Glacier and Hokitika operated in February 1971 and between Franz Joseph and Hokitika, in March 1971. In September 1971 Mount Cook Airlines were given Air Services Licensing Authority approval to  abandon the non-scheduled passenger and freight service between Hokitika, Franz Josef Glacier and Fox Glacier. So ended South Westland’s last regular air service.

The final timetable - Summer 1970-1971


Mount Cook Airlines returned briefly to Hokitika during the 1972/73 summer season. NAC chartered a Hawker Siddeley 748 aircraft from Mt Cook Airlines to relieve the pressure caused by Christmas travel. The 48 seat aircraft, which had a slightly bigger passenger capacity than NAC's 40 seat Fokker Friendship flew to Hokitika daily as well as operating on the Christchurch-Nelson-Wellington flights. In the early 1970s it was not uncommon for Mount Cook 748s to replace the Friendship on Hokitika service.

Mount Cook Airlines' Hawker Siddeley 748 ZK-CWJ at Hokitika on a NAC service on the 2nd of January 1973 summer. Note the two Road Services' buses between the tower and the terminal... one came from the Hokitika town depot and the other from Greymouth to connect with the Christchurch flight.




Pilots of the skiplane service included :

Robbie Hansen
Lyall Hood
Jerry Savage
Bill Winefield

Aircraft recorded as being operated on the service :

ZK-CKP - Cessna 185D Skywagon (c/n 185-0796)
ZK-CKT - Cessna 185D Skywagon  (c/n 185-0929)
ZK-COH - Cessna A185E Skywagon (c/n 185-1009)
ZK-CVG - Cessna 185C Skywagon (c/n 185-0681R)

ZK-BCP - de Havilland 89B Dominie (c/n 6648)


Mount Cook Airlines' West Coast skiplane operations

Behind the history of the regular skiplane air service is the history of Mount Cook Airlines' West Coast skiplane operations. 

Mount Cook Air Services established its first base on the West Coast following the fire that gutted the Franz Josef Hotel on the 15th of August 1954. With more tourists staying at Fox Glacier the Christchurch Press reported on the 19th of October 1954 that a new airfield which, it is hoped will be usable in all weathers, has been prepared at Fox Glacier. The airstrip developed by the Fox Glacier hotel manager, Mick Sullivan, will shortly be inspected by an official of the Civil Aviation Administration for licensing. The new field is about 3100 yards from the front of the hostel and is 37 chains long and five chains wide. When a suitable bulldozer is in the area it is planned to lengthen the strip so that it can be licensed for use by the National Airways Corporation’s Dominie aircraft. The present airfield, about four or five miles from the hostel, close to the Cook river, has seen little used in recent years. 

Following Harry Wigley's first ski landing on the Tasman Glacier on the 22nd of September 1955 the Press of the 31st of October 1955 the Press reported that a light aircraftundoubtedly an Auster, fitted with skis as well as landing wheels last week took off from the Weheka airfield at Fox Glacier and landed near the Pioner Hut, 7000 feet up in the Southern Alps. The aircraft, piloted by the owner, Mr H. Wigley, had previously made flights from the Hermitage airfield to high snowfields of the alps. The trip by air from Weheka to the Pioneer Hut took 35 minutes, compared with two days for the same journey on foot.

This enabled Mount Cook Air Services to base a Piper Tripacer on the strip. This was flown by Struan Robertson. With its close proximity to the village the airstrip was ideally placed to encourage tourists to undertake a flightseeing adventure.

A couple of photos of Mount Cook Air Services' Piper Tripacer ZK-BLA at Fox Glacier in September 1958. Parking in front of the hotel was a great way to attract tourist's interest. Photos : Whites Aviation


On the 22nd of August 1959 the Press reported that two new ski-equipped Cessna 180 had been purchased by the Mount Cook and Southern Lakes Tourist Company, Ltd.. The new will be based at the Fox Glacier and the Hermitage. The aircraft are built specially for landing and taking off in snow, and have proved more successful in other parts of the world than the Austers at present used by the company. The Auster aircraft had skis fitted to them in this country, but the Cessnas have specially-manufactured skis as standard fittings. Mr Wigley said the new aircraft had been bought because there was an ever-increasing demand by tourists and ski-ers to land on the snowfields. Ski-ers could be taken 8000 ft up the glaciers and provided with inspiring downhill runs. and tourists keenly sought flights to the high snowfields in the summer. The Cessnas have more power at high altitude than the Austers, and Mr Wigley considers the extra power a great advantage

In 1960 Mount Cook Air Services Ltd applied to the Air Services Licensing Authority for approval to base two Cessna 180 skiplanes at Franz Josef. The Authority heard appeals from West Coast Airways and Southern Scenic Air Services who already had licences to operate from Franz Josef and the Authority subsequently rejected Mount Cook's application and appeal but it did allow Mount Cook Air Services to base a second skiplane at Fox Glacier. It was not until 1963 when Mount Cook Air Services was granted a licence to base a skiplane at Franz Josef. 

Mount Cook Air Services' Cessna 180 ZK-BMS at Fox Glacier with my sisters Dorothy and Margaret and cousin Michael Williams who was to later to fly with Mount Cook Airlines in floatplanes from Te Anau, BN Islanders out of Queenstown and as a Hawker Siddeley 748 captain before moving on to other airlines. Photo : S Lowe Collection
 
In August 1962 Mount Cook Air Services took delivery of its first Cessna 185 skiplane, ZK-CBS, to augment its three four-seater Cessna 180’s at present used for scenic flights among the Southern Alps and glaciers. The Cessna 185s gradually replaced the Cessna 180s. For many years in the late 1960s and and early 1970s the regular Cessna 185 skiplanes based at Franz Josef and Fox Glacier were ZK-CKT and ZK-COH respectively.

An interesting development, that to the best of my knowledge never happened, was announced in the Press on the 20th of November 1964 which reported A regular air service would be run between the Hermitage and Franz Josef by Mount Cook Air Services, Ltd., when the Haast road was opened, the company’s managing director (Mr H. R. Wigley) said this week. The service would be operated two or three times daily by Cessna aircraft in suitable weather, Mr Wigley said. The main object was to enable tourists with only a limited time in New Zealand to visit both sides of the Alps without risk of being stranded, Mr Wigley said. The service would be run in close conjunction with the DC3 and bus services of the Mount Cook and Southern Lakes Tourist Company, Ltd., of which also he is managing director. The details had yet to be worked out, in consultation with other organisations involved. The DC3 aircraft of the tourist company would not be used on the Hermitage-Franz Josef route because to fly at the required height they would have to be fitted with de-icing and oxygen equipment A typical itinerary, Mr Wigley said, might be that tourists arriving in the South Island at Christchurch would fly to the Hermitage by DC3 and thence by Cessna to Franz Josef. From there they would go by bus to Queenstown, and fly back again to the Hermitage and Christchurch. If on their first arrival at the Hermitage the alpine air route was closed, they would fly to Queenstown and take the bus to Franz Josef, in the hope that by the time they arrived the alpine route would be open. If it was not, they would continue to Christchurch by bus over one of the passes.


A young me on the wheel of Mount Cook Air Services' long time based Cessna 185 ZK-COH at Fox Glacier

Mount Cook Air Services'  Cessna 185 ZK-COH on the Fox Glacier in August 1967. Photo : S Lowe Collection

Mount Cook Air Services' Cessna 185 ZK-CHJ at Franz Josef in the 1960s. Photo : S Lowe Collection




In the early 1970s the Mount Cook Air Services titles disappeared in favour of Mount Cook Airlines titles before adopting Mount Cook's classic Cessna 185 skiplancecolour scheme. Franz Josef increasingly became the main base with at times two Cessna 185s being based at Franz Josef and one at Fox Glacier.

An early Mount Cook Airlines brochure - the skiplane still carrying Mount Cook Air Services titles




Cessna 185 ZK-COH at Fox Glacier with Mount Cook Airlines on 4 May 1972. Photo : D Paull

ZK-CKT in the classic Mount Cook Airlines Cessna 185 skiplane colour scheme at Franz Josef in January 1982

As well as being used for skiplane operations the Fox and Franz Cessna 185s were also used for charter flights and air ambulance flights and they were often visitors to Greymouth and Hokitika.






By the late 1970s the Mount Cook Group of companies was comprised of Mount Cook Airlines, Mount Cook Landlines, Mount Cook Coach Tours, Mount Cook Freightlines, Mount Cook Flightseeing, Mount Cook World Travel Offices, Mount Cook Sea Lines and Coronet Peak Skifield. The company looked to rationalise these individual companies under a single branding with which all operations could align themselves. The name chosen for the new corporate identity was “The Mount Cook Line” which came into being on the 1st of October 1979. Over the next few years the skiplane fleet was rebranded.

Two Cessna 185 skiplanes at Franz Josef on 5 February 1984. ZK-CHJ wearing Mount Cook Line titles... 

...and untitled ZK-ELQ in a factory scheme. Behind is the original Air Travel (NZ) hangar from the original 1934 air service.

More normal Mount Cook Line titles on Cessna 185 ZK-CKT at Franz Josef's Mercer Airport on 17 January 1987.





In May 1980 the Mount Cook Line introduced a Bell 206B Jetranger III helicopter to its fleet. Registered ZK-HPP, after Mount Cook Airlines CEO Philip Phillips, the $280,000 Jetranger was based at Franz Josef the  helicopter to complement the airline's ski-plane business. It was licenced to fly within a 50km radius of Franz Josef but licensing and National Park restrictions prevented the helicopter from landing on the glacier. 

Bell Jetranger ZK-HPP at Franz Josef in February 1981






As access to the Franz Josef Glacier from the glacier valley became increasingly difficult due to a 3km walk from the car park to the glacier terminal in an area of rockfalls further applications were made to enable glacier landings. In September 1980 the Mount Cook Line was granted permission to helicopter passengers to Luncheon Rock, about a kilometre up the glacier from the terminal face, for guided walks in a joint flight-seeing/guided-tour venture with the Tourist Hotel Corporation. The Mount Cook Group and the Tourist Hotel Corporation paid the $15,000 cost of erecting and stocking of McCormack Shelter named after long serving guide Peter McCormack. The Westland National Park Board had specified the shelter, a prefabricated hut that was flown to the site, must contain sleeping facilities and woollen clothing for 11 people, food for at least 22-days, first-aid and rescue equipment, a cooker, two-way radio, and emergency flares. The helicopter flights to Luncheon Rock began in early 1981.

In October 1981 the Mount Cook Line evaluated a Swiss-made Pilatus Porter and the decision was made to purchase two. The Press, on the 18th of December 1981, reported The $500,000 plane has been tested by the company over the last eight weeks, and company executives have described it as “one of the most versatile aircraft flying” “It has excellent handling qualities and power response,” said the company’s deputy chief, Mr M. L. Corner. “Passengers were delighted with the trial aircraft.” The planes are part of an ongoing re-equipment programme for the company’s ski-plane fleet at Mount Cook, and the Franz Josef, and Fox glaciers. The second Porter will be ferried out from Switzerland and is expected to be in service by mid-January. One plane will be based, at Mount Cook and the other at Franz Josef.

Pilatus Porters at Franz Josef... Above, the first Porter, ZK-FZB, at Franz Josef in January 1982...

...and ZK-MCK at Franz Josef on 21 September 1982





In November 1984 the Mount Cook Line was branded as Mount Cook Airline. A new colour scheme was introduced with a broad blue stripe with white, red and yellow stripes above and over the coming years the skiplanes were repainted. 





On the 21st of December 1984 floodwaters from the Waiho River breached their stopbank and badly scoured the Franz Josef airstrip covering it in shingle, trees, and boulders. The Mount Cook Lines' helicopter base was moved to the THC Franz Josef Hotel while the skiplane base was moved to a local farm topdressing strip further down the valley on the Waiho Flat Road. 

You can tell its a topdressing strip... a lilyless Cessna 185 ZK-CBY at the Franz Josef Waiho Flat Rd airstrip on 11 May  1985



An early version of the rebranded Cessna 185 skiplanes, ZK-MCQ at the Franz Josef Waiho Flat Rd airstrip on 25 April 1986

Cessna 185 ZK-MCQ, this time with the full red tail in the Mount Cook Airline scheme at Fox Glacier on 2 January 1988

Mount Cook Line's Bell Jetranger ZK-HPP operating from the THC Franz Josef Hotel on 11 May 1985


Meanwhile, damage to the airfield at Franz Josef village was such that it was to be two year before it was rebuilt. Meanwhile, in 1985, the helicopter operation from Franz Josef ended and the Bell Jetranger ZK-HPP was registered to Timaru-based Whirl Wide Helicopters on the 25th of October 1985. The new airfield at Franz Josef, Mercer Airport, featured a sealed-runway and provision for the growing number of helicopters in the area was opened on the 20th of December 1986 by Marie Lindsay, a daughter of the pioneer South Westland aviator, Captain Bert Mercer. 

The first Mount Cook's first Cessna 185 at Franz Josef's Mercer airport on 28 October 1989


The river, however, was not to be beaten. On the 28th of December 1989 the Waiho River burst its banks at Franz Josef and the Mercer Airport was inundated with a Mount Cook Airline Pilatus Porter being surrounded by water. This flood was to mark the end of skiplane operations from the Franz Josef township and operations were shifted permanently to the present airfield site on Waiho Flat Road which is seven kilometres from the Franz Josef village. 

Mount Cook Line's Pilatus Porter ZK-MCK, still with Mount Cook Line titles, surrounded by flood waters at Franz Josef's Mercer Airport on 28 December 1989





Often the skiplanes would meet on the glaciers... On 5 November 1991 Cessna 185 ZK-MCQ that I had flown in from Fox met up with Cessna 185 ZK-MDA on the Fox Glacier neve. The beauty of the Cessna 185 skiplanes was that they would switch off on the neve allowing tourists to experience the silent grandeur


Mount Cook Airlines' skiplane operations continued from both Franz Josef and Fox Glacier beyond this, but with fierce competition from helicopter operations the skiplane operation slowly wound down. On the 1st of July 1998 Mount Cook Airlines' skiplane operation sold to Tourism Holdings who rebranded it as Mount Cook Skiplanes.